Assistant Professor of Biology at NYUAD Shady Amin, has received a research grant from The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. The grant, worth USD 563,000, will fund research that studies the symbiotic relationship between phytoplankton and bacteria, helping further scientific understanding of the global marine food web, which supports a diverse range of aquatic life, and how a warming climate will change that relationship.
Phytoplankton, or microscopic marine and freshwater algae, are responsible for half of photosynthesis on the planet – a process which generates roughly half the oxygen in the atmosphere and produces organic matter that fuels most marine life, including bacteria. In turn, bacteria provide essential nutrients for phytoplankton which supports their growth. Researching how these two organisms interact, known as the study of symbiosis, helps further understand the global marine ecosystem.
Through the grant Amin will study both bacteria and phytoplankton in new contexts. During the course of his study, Amin hopes to create a toolkit for global researchers to use to investigate the complex interrelationship between phytoplankton and bacteria which sustains an array of sea life, including whales, jellyfish, snails, and shrimp.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation established the Symbiosis in Aquatic Systems Initiative, which will invest USD 19 million over the next three years and supports 42 teams of scientists to understand advanced model systems of symbiosis in the marine environment.