NYUAD-WRC Published Books



Please visit this site for a complete list of handbooks published.

"Nutrients and Coloured Compounds in Wastewater” by Elsevier. (ISBN 13: 978-0443217012). December 2023.

"Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). April 2023

Nanofiltration for Sustainability: Reuse, Recycle and Resource Recovery” by Taylor and Francis. (ISBN 13: 978-1032199498). September 2023

"Osmosis Engineering" by Elsevier {ISBN-13: 9780128210161). April 2021

Nanofiber membranes for medical, environmental and energy applications” by CRC Press. (ISBN-13: 9780815387039). August 2019.

Membrane-based salinity gradient processes for water treatment and power generation” by Elsevier (ISBN-13: 9780444639615). July 2018

Membrane Characterization” by Elsevier (ISBN-13: 9780444627765). April 2017

Membrane Fabrication” by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9781482210453). March 2015

Boron Separation Processes” by Elsevier (ISBN-13: 9780444634542). February 2015

Membrane Modification: Technology and Applications” by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9781439866351). 2012

Atomic Force Microscopy and Process Engineering” by Elsevier (ISBN-13: 978-1856175173). 2009.    

  • Selected Publications

    Please visit these sites for a complete list of publications and patents.

    Yazan Ibrahim and Nidal Hilal (2024) Integration of Porous and Permeable Poly(ether sulfone) Feed Spacer onto Membrane Surfaces via Direct 3D Printing. ACS Applied Engineering Materials. DOI:

    Raed Al-Juboori, Farah Ahmed, Noman Khanzada, Muzamil Khatri, Muayad Al-Shaeli, Yazan Ibrahim, Nidal Hilal (2024) Burgeoning innovation and scalability activities for phosphorus recovery from wastewater treatment facilities. Sustainable Materials and Technologies, volume 40, July 2024. DOI:

    Antonio Politano, Raed A Al-Juboori, Sultan Alnajdi, Albraa Alsaati, Athanassia Athanassiou, Maya Bar-Sadan, Ali Naderi Beni, Davide Campi, Anna Cupolillo, Gianluca D'Olimpio, Giuseppe D'Andrea, Humberto Estay, Despina Fragouli, Luigi Gurreri, Norredine Ghaffour, Jack Gilron, Nidal Hilal, Jessica Occhiuzzi, Mateo Roldan Carvajal, Avner Ronen, Sergio Santoro, Michele Tedesco, Ramato Ashu Tufa, Mathias Ulbricht, David M Warsinger, Dimitris Xevgenos, Guillermo Zaragoza, Yong-Wei Zhang, Ming Zhou and Efrem Curcio (2024) Roadmap on membrane desalination technology at the water-energy nexus. Journal of Physics Energy. March 2024. DOI: 10.1088/2515-7655/ad2cf2

    Noman Khalid Khanzada, Raed A. Al-Juboori, Muzamil Khatri, Farah Ejaz Ahmed, Yazan Ibrahim  and Nidal Hilal (2024) Sustainability in Membrane Technology: Membrane Recycling and Fabrication Using Recycled Waste. Membranes, February 202414(2), 52. DOI:

    Muzamil Khatri, Farah Ahmed, Raed Al-Juboori, Nidal Hilal (2024) Reusable environmentally friendly electrospun cellulose acetate/cellulose nanocrystals nanofibers for methylene blue removal. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024, 111788. Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024, 111788 Doi:

    Muhammad Usman Farid, Jehad A. Kharraz, Samriddhi Sharma, Rabia Jalil Khan, Noman Khalid Khanzada, Bhaskar Jyoti Deka, Manoj Kumar Nallapaneni, Shaurhat S. Chopra, Shao-Yuan Leu, Shadi W. Hasan, Nidal Hilal, Alicia K.J. An (2024) Technological advancements in water heating approaches for membrane distillation desalination process: From bulk to localized heating. Desalination 2024, Doi:

    Jehad A. Kharraz, Mingyi Jia, Muhammad Usman Farid, Noman Khalid Khanzada, Nidal Hilal, Shadi W. Hasan, Alicia Kyoungjin An (2024) Determination of microplastic pollution in marine ecosystems and its effective removal using an advanced nanobubble flotation technique. Journal of Water Process EngineeringVolume 57, January 2024, 104637. Doi:

    Yazan Ibrahim and Nidal Hilal (2023) A Critical Assessment of Surface-Patterned Membranes and Their Role in Advancing Membrane Technologies. ACS EST Water 2023, November 2023.

    Haya Nassrullah, Jamaliah Aburabie, Nidal Hilal, Raed Hashaikeh (2023) Electroactive nanofiltration membranes based on carbon nanostructures for enhanced desalination performance. Journal of Water Process Engineering. Volume 56, December 2023, 104405.

    Lijo Francis, Raed Al-Juboori, Muzamil Khatri, Nidal Hilal (2023) "Nanostructured nanofiltration hollow fiber membranes for metal recovery from industrial wastewater". Journal of Water Process Engineering, Volume 56, December 2023, 104281. Doi:  

    Yazan Ibrahim and Nidal Hilal (2023) “Enhancing ultrafiltration membrane permeability and antifouling performance through surface patterning with features resembling feed spacers”, npj Clean Water (published by Nature). 3023, 6:60. doi: 10.1038/s41545-023-00277.

    Daniel Johnson, Naveen Alqasas, Asma Elskhan, Nidal Hilal (2023) “Development of Nanofiltration Membranes: From Early Membranes to Nanocomposites”. Chapter in Nanofiltration for Sustainability: Reuse, Recycle and Resource Recovery, 2023, pp. 33–60.

    Noman Khalid Khanzada, Shazia Rehman, Jehad A. Kharazmi, Muhammad Usman Farid, Muzamil Khatri, Nidal Hilal, Alicia Kyoungjin An (2023) "Reverse osmosis membrane functionalized with aminated graphene oxide and polydopamine nanospheres plugging for enhanced NDMA rejection and anti-fouling performance". Chemosphere. Volume 338, October 2023, 139557. Doi:

    Lijo Francis, Shabin Mohammed, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2023) “Fabrication and characterization of superhydrophilic graphene-based electrospun membranes for efficient oil-water separation”. Journal of Water Process Engineering, Volume 54, August 2023, 104066. Doi:

    Raed Al-Juboori and Nidal Hilal (2023) “Pharmaceuticals removal from wastewater: Ultrasound technology and its potential amalgamation with membrane processes”. Journal of Water Process Engineering, Volume 53, July 2023, 103810. doi:

    Muzamil Khatri, Lijo Francis, Nidal Hilal (2023) "Engineered Electrospun Membranes for Membrane Distillation". Membranes 202313(3), 338. doi:

    Mohammad Abdul, Yeit Haan Teow, Hilal Nidal (2023) “Nanofiltration for Sustainability: Reuse, Recycle and Resource Recovery” by Taylor and Francis. (ISBN 13: 978-1032199498).

    Lijo Francis and Nidal Hilal (2023) “Electrohydrodynamic Atomization of CNT on PTFE membrane for Scaling Resistant Membranes in Membrane Distillation”. NPJ Clean Water (published by Nature) 2023,6:15. doi:

    Farah Ahmed, Daniel Johnson, Raed Hashaikeh and Nidal Hilal (2023) "Barriers to Innovation in Water Treatment." Water 2023, 15, 773. doi:

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2023) "Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" book published by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069).

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Introduction to Membrane Separation Processes. Chapter 1 in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 1-38.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Fouling and Related Phenomena. Chapter 2 in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 39-82.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Monitoring, Prevention, and Control of Fouling and Related Phenomena. Chapter 3 in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 83-128.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Electrical Conductivity in Materials. Chapter 4 in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 129-164.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Electrically Conductive Membranes for Fouling Mitigation. Chapter 5 in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 165-208.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Electrical Conductive Spacers for Fouling Mitigation in Desalination and Water Treatment. Chapter 6  in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 209-242.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Electrically Conductive Systems in Membrane Distillation. Chapter 7  in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 243-260.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Electrically Tunable Membrane Systems. Chapter 8  in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 261-284.

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, and Nidal Hilal (2023) Future Prospects. Chapter 9  in Electrically Conductive Membrane Materials and Systems" by CRC Press (ISBN-13: 9780367702069). pages 285-297.

    Pei Sean Goh, Zahra Samavati, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Be Cheer Ng, Mohd Sohaimi Abdullah  and Nidal Hilal (2023) Modification of Liquid Separation Membranes Using Multidimensional Nanomaterials: Revealing the Roles of Dimension Based on Classical Titanium Dioxide. Nanomaterials, doi:

    Yazan Ibrahim and Nidal Hilal (2023) The Potentials of 3D-Printed Feed Spacers in Reducing the Environmental Footprint of Membrane Separation Processes. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. doi:

    R. A. Al-Juboori, M. Al-Shaeli, S. Al Aani, D. Johnson, N. Hilal. (2023) Membrane Technologies for Nitrogen Recovery from Waste Streams: Scientometrics and Technical Analysis" has been published in Membranes as part of the Special Issue Membrane Technologies for Resource Recovery (Volume II). Membranes 2023, 13, 15. doi:

    Lijo Francis, Nidal Hilal (2022) Electrosprayed CNTs on Electrospun PVDF-Co-HFP Membrane for Robust Membrane Distillation. Nanomaterials Journal. doi:

    Shaheen Anis, Boor Laila, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2022) Ceramic nanofiltration membranes for efficient fouling mitigation through periodic electrolysis. Journal of Separation and Purification Technology. doi:

    Abdullah Khalil, Lijo Frances, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2022) 3D printed membrane-integrated spacers for enhanced anti-fouling in ultrafiltration. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. doi:

    Muayad al-Shaeli, Raed A. Al-Juboori, Saif Al Aani, Bradley P. Ladewig, Nidal Hilal (2022) Natural and recycled materials for sustainable membrane modification: Recent trends and prospects. Science of the Total Environment, volume 838, 156014. doi:

    Abdullah Khalil, Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2022) 3D printed electrically conductive interdigitated spacer on ultrafiltration membrane for electrolytic cleaning and chlorination. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. doi:

    Farah Ahmed, Boor Laila, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2022) Intermittent direct joule heating of membrane surface for seawater desalination by air gap membrane distillation. Journal of Membrane Science. doi:

    Abdullah Khalil, Shabin Mohammed, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2022) Lithium recovery from brine: recent developments and challenges, Desalination. doi:

    Faiz Izzuddin Azmi, P.S. Goh, A.F. Ismail, N. Hilal, T.W. Wong, M.Misson (2022) Biomolecules-enabled Liquid Separation Membranes: The Potentials and Recent Progress. Membranes, volume 12, issue 2. doi:

    Nidal Hilal (2022) Water Security The Biggest Challenge. Wateronline

    Lijo Francis, Farah Ejaz Ahmed and Nidal Hilal (2022) Advances in Membrane Distillation Module Configurations. Membranes 2022,12,81. doi:

    Lijo Francis, Farah Ahmed, Nidal Hilal (2022) Electrospun membranes for membrane distillation: The state of play and recent advances. Desalination. doi:

    Nor Naimah Rosyadah Ahmad, Wei Lun Ang, Yeit HaanTeow, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Nidal Hilal (2022) Nanofiltration membrane processes for water recycling, reuse and product recovery within various industries: A review. Journal of Water Process Engineering, doi:

    Daniel Johnson and Nidal Hilal (2022) Nanocomposite nanofiltration membranes: State of play and recent advances. Desalination. doi

    Shaheen Ani, Boor Laila, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2022) Titanium coating on ultrafiltration inorganic membranes for fouling control. Separation and Purification Technology. doi:

    Deepa Suresh, Pei Sean Goh, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Nidal Hilal (2021) Surface Design of Liquid Separation Membrane through Graft Polymerization: A State of the Art Review. Membranes 2021, 11(11), 832; doi:

    Ruwaida Abdul Wahid, Ang Wei Lun, Abdul Wahab Muhammad, Daniel James Johnson, Nidal Hilal (2021) Evaluation of Fertilizer-drawn Forward Osmosis for the Treat-ment of Anaerobic Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Commercial Fertilizer as Draw Solution. Membranes. doi:

    Shaheen F. Anis, Boor S. Lalia, Alain Lesimple, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2021) Electrically conductive membranes for contemporaneous dye rejection and degradation. Chemical Engineering Journal. doi:

    Shaheen Fatima Anis, Boor Singh Lalia, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2021) Hierarchical underwater oleophobic electro-ceramic/Carbon nanostructure membranes for highly efficient oil-in-water separation. Separation and Purification Technology. doi: h​t​t​p​s​:​/​/​d​o​i​.​o​r​g​/​1​0​.​1​0​1​6​/​j​.​s​e​p​p​u​r​.​2​0​2​1​.​1​1​9​2​4​1​

    Muhammad Qasim, Ibrar Ul Samad, Naif A. Darwish, Nidal Hilal (2021) Comprehensive review of membrane design and synthesis for membrane distillation. Desalination. doi:

    Nor Naimah Rosyadah Ahmad, Wei Lun Ang, Choe Peng Leo, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Nidal Hilal (2021) Current advances in membrane technologies for saline wastewater treatment: A comprehensive review. Desalination. doi: 

    Farah Ejaz Ahmed, Abdullah Khalil, Nidal Hilal (2021) Emerging desalination technologies: current status, challenges and future trends. Desalination. doi:

    Samaneh Bandehali, Fahime Parvizian, Huimin Ruan, Abdolreza Moghadassi, Jiangnan Shen, Alberto Figoli, Adeyemi S. Adeleye, Nidal Hilal, Takeshi Matsuura, Enrico Drioli, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini (2021) A planned review on designing of high-performance nanocomposite nanofiltration membranes for pollutants removal from water. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. doi: doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2021.06.022

    Abdullah Khalil, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2021) 3D printed zeolite-Y for removing heavy metals from water. Journal of Water Process Engineering, doi:

    Abdullah Khalil, Farah Ahmed, Nidal Hilal (2021) The emerging role of 3D printing in water desalination. Journal of Science of The Total Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148238

    Abdullah Almojjly, Abdullah Alkhudhiri and Nidal Hilal (2021) Oil-Water Separation by Using Ceramic Microfiltration Membrane. Chapter in a book entitled “An In-Depth Guide to Oil-in-Water Emulsions.” Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

    Wei Jie Lee, Pei Sean Goh, Woei Jye Lau, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Nidal Hilal (2021) Green Approaches for Sustainable Development of Liquid Separation Membrane. MEMBRANES, doi: 10.3390/membranes11040235

    P.S. Goh, H.S. Kang, A.F. Ismail, N. Hilal (2021) The Hybridization of Thermally-Driven Desalination Processes: The State-of-the-art and Opportunities. Desalination, doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2021.115002

    Shaheen Fatima Anis, Boor Singh Laila, Mostafa Khair, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2021) Electro-ceramic self-cleaning membranes for biofouling control and prevention inwater treatment. Chemical Engineering Journal, doi: 10.​1016/​j.​cej.​2020.​128395

    Khalid Alsaud, Mohammed D. Alsubei, Saad A. Aljlil, Nawaf Bin Darwish, Nidal Hilal (2021) Membrane distillation process application using a novel ceramic membrane for Brackish water desalination. Desalination, doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2020.​114906

    Ralph Rolly Gonzales, Ahmed Abdel-Wahab, Samer Adham, Dong Suk Han,  Sherub Phuntsho, Wafa Suwaileh, Nidal Hilal, Ho Kyong Shon (2021) Salinity gradient energy generation by pressure retarded osmosis: A review. Desalination, doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2020.114841

    Daniel Johnson, Nidal Hilal (2021) Can Graphene and Graphene Oxide Materials Revolutionize Desalination Processes? Desalination, doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2020.​114852

    Shaheen F. Anis, Boor S. Lalia, Alain Lesimple, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2021) Superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic nano zeolite membranes for efficient oil-in-water nanoemulsion separation. Journal of Water Process Engineering, doi: 1016/​j.​jwpe.​2020.​101802

    Nidal Hilal, Ahmed Fauzi Ismail, Mohamed Khayet and Daniel Johnson (2021) Osmosis Engineering by Elsevier (ISBN: 978-0-12-821016-1)

    Daniel Johnson, Raed Hashaikeh and Nidal Hilal (2021) Basic Principles of Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure.  Chapter 1 in Osmosis Engineering by Hilal et al. Elsevier (ISBN: 978-0-12-821016-1). doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-821016-1.00011-5

    Wafa Suwaileh, Daniel Johnson, Nidal Hilal (2021) Principles of Forward Osmosis. Chapter 5 in Osmosis Engineering by Hilal et al. Elsevier (ISBN: 978-0-12-821016-1). doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-821016-1.00008-5

    Wafa Suwaileh, Daniel Johnson, Sarper Sarp, Nidal Hilal (2021) Principle and theoretical background of pressure retarded osmosis process. Chapter 7 in Osmosis Engineering by Hilal et al. Elsevier (ISBN: 978-0-12-821016-1). doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-821016-1.00004-8

    Wafa Suwaileh, Daniel Johnson, Nidal Hilal (2021) Application of PRO process for seawater and wastewater treatment: Assessment of membrane performance.  Chapter 8 in Osmosis Engineering by Hilal et al. Elsevier (ISBN: 978-0-12-821016-1). doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-821016-1.00012-7

    Nur Diyana Suzaimi, Pei Sean Goh, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Stanley Chinedu Mamah, Nik Ahmad Nizam Nik Malek, Jun Wei Lim, Nidal Hilal (2020) Strategies in Forward Osmosis Membrane Substrate Fabrication and Modification: A Review. Membranes, 2020, 10, 332; doi: 10.3390/membranes10110332

    Mohammed Wali Hakami, Abdullah Alkhudhiri, Sirhan Al-Batty, Myrto-Panagiota Zacharof, Jon Maddy, Nidal Hilal (2020) Ceramic Microfiltration Membranes in Wastewater Treatment: Filtration Behavior, Fouling and Prevention. Membranes 2020, 10, 248. doi: 10.3390/membranes10090248

    Farah Ahmed, Boor Laila, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2020) Alternative heating techniques in membrane distillation: A review. Desalination. doi: j.desal.2020.114713

    Farah Ahmed, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2020) Hybrid technologies: the future of energy-efficient desalination – a review. Desalination. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2020.​114659

    Alain Lesimple, Farah Ahmed, Nidal Hilal (2020) Remineralization of desalinated water: methods and environmental impact. Desalination. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2020.​114692

    Nawaf Bin Darwish, Abdullah Alkhudhiri, Abdulrahman AlAlawi, Hamad AlRomaih, Nidal Hilal (2020) Experimental investigation of forward osmosis process for boron removal from water.  Journal of Water Process Engineering. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​jwpe.​2020.​101570

    Alain Lesimple, Saad Y. Jasim, Daniel J. Johnson, Nidal Hilal (2020) The role of wastewater treatment plans as tools for SARS-CoV-2 early detection and removal. Journal of Water Process Engineering. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​jwpe.​2020.​101544

    Haya Nassrullah, Shaheen Fatima Anis, Raed Hashaikeh, Nidal Hilal (2020) Energy for desalination: A state-of-the-art review. Desalination. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2020.​114569

    P. S. Goh, T.W. Wong, J. W. Lim, A. F. Ismail, N. Hilal (2020) Innovative and sustainable membrane technology for wastewater treatment and desalination application Innovation Strategies in Environmental Science, 291-319. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-817382-4.00009-5

    Zahra Alihemati, Seyed Abdollatif Hashemifard, Takeshi Matsuura, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Nidal Hilal (2020) Current status and challenges of fabricating thin film composite forward osmosis membrane: A comprehensive roadmap. Desalination. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2020.114557

    Suwaileh, W., Johnson, D. j., Hilal, N. 2020, Membrane Desalination and Water Re-use for Agriculture: State of the Art and Future Outlook. Desalination 491, 114559. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2020.114559

    Ahmed, F., Laila, B., Hashaikeh, R., Hilal, N., (2020) Enhanced performance of direct contact membrane distillation via selected electrothermal heating of membrane surface Journal of Membrane Science. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​memsci.​2020.​118224

    Z Liu, K Wang, J Saththasivam, D El-masri, N Hilal (2020) Multi-layered Membrane for Oil/Water Separation. US Patent App. 16/499,856

    Wafa Suwaileh,  Nidal Hilal, Nirenkumar Pathak, Hokyong Shon, Nidal Hilal. (2020). Forward osmosis membranes and processes: A comprehensive review of research trends and future outlook 485, 114455. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2020.​114455

    Aani, S., Mustafa, T., Hilal, N. 2020 Ultrafiltration membranes for wastewater and water process engineering: A comprehensive statistical review over the past decade Journal of Water Process Engineering 35 101241. doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2020.101241

    Safie, N., Yaser, A., Hilal, N. 2020 Ammonium ion removal using activated zeolite and chitosan Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering. doi: 10.1002/apj.2448

    Shaheen Fatima Anis; Boor Singh Lalia; Raed Hashaikeh; Nidal Hilal, 2020, Breaking through the selectivity-permeability tradeOFF using nano zeolite-Y for micellar enhanced ultrafiltration dye rejection application. Separation and Purification Technology. doi: 10.1016/j.seppur.2020.116824

    Lee, W., Ng, Z., Hubadillah, S., Goh, P., Lau, W., Othman, M., Ismail, A., Hilal, N. 2020 Fouling Mitigation in Forward Osmosis and Membrane Distillation for Desalination Desalination 480 114338. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2020.114338

    Hilal, N., Sarp, S. 2020 Thermodynamic Optimization of Multistage Pressure Retarded Osmosis (MPRO) with Variable Feed Pressures for Hypersaline Solutions Desalination 477 114245. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.114245

    Hilal, N., Johnson, D.  Ang, W., Mohammad, A, 2020 Unlocking the Application Potential of Forward Osmosis through Integrated/Hybrid Process Science of the Total Environment 706 136047. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136047

    Anis, S. F., Mostafa, A. O., Hilal, N., Hashaikeh, R., 2020 Nanocrystalline NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 Composite strings: Fabrication, Characterization and their Electrocatalytic Performance for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A. doi: 10.1007/s11661-019-05596-0

    Zafisah, N., Ang, W., Mohammad, A., Hilal, N., Johnson, D. (2020)  “Interaction between ballasting agent and flocs in ballasted flocculation for the removal of suspended solids”. Journal of Water Process Engineering  33 101028. doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.101028

    Nawaf BinDarwish, Abdullah Alkhudhiri, Hamad AlRomaih, Abdulrahman Alalawi, Mark C.Leaper,  Nidal Hilal, (2020) “Effect of lithium chloride additive on forward osmosis membranes performance”. Journal of Water Process Engineering 33, 101049. doi: j.jwpe.2019.101049

    Johnson, Daniel., Wei Lun, Ang ., Mohammad, Abdul Wahab. and Hilal, Nidal. (2020). Dewatering of POME digestate using lignosulfonate driven forward osmosis. Separation and purification technology 235 (116151). doi: 10.1016/j.seppur.2019.116151

    Obaid, Mohammed, Ali Abdelkareem, Mohammad., Kook, Seungho., Kim, Hak-Yong, Hilal, Nidal, Ghaffour, Noreddine. and Kim, In S. (2020). Breakthroughs in the fabrication of electrospun-nanofiber-supported thin film composite/nanocomposite membranes for the forward osmosis process: A review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 50 (17). doi: 10.1080/10643389.2019.1672510

    Hakami, Mohammed Wali., Alkhudhiri, Abdullah., Zacharof, Myrto-Panagiota. and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Towards a Sustainable Water Supply: Humic Acid Removal Employing Coagulation and Tangential Cross Flow Microfiltration. Water 11(10), 2093. doi: 10.3390/w11102093

    Anis, Shaheen Fatima, Hashaikeh, Raed, and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). FLux and salt rejection enhancement of polyvinyl (alcohol) reverse osmosis membranes using nano-zeolite. Desalination 469. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2019.​114104

    Anis, Shaheen Fatima, Hashaikeh, Raed. and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Microfiltration membrane processes: a review of research trends over the past decade. Journal of Water Process Engineering 32(100941). doi: 10.1016/J.jwpe.2019.100941

    Lo, Sui Bun, Jones, Jason, Hassan, Oubay and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Development of an axisymmetric parallel solution algorithm for membrane separation process. Desalination 470(114127). doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.114127.

    Suwaileh, Wafa, Johnson, Daniel J., Jones, Daniel and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). An integrated fertilizer driven forward osmosis- renewables powered membrane distillation system for brackish water desalination: a combined experimental and theoretical approach. Desalination 470(114126). doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2019.​114126.

    Ahmed, Farah, Hashaikeh, Raed and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Fouling control in reverse osmosis membranes through modification with conductive carbon nanostructures. Desalination 470 (114118) doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.114118

    Ahmed, Farah Ejaz, Hashaikeh, Raed, Diabat, Ali and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Mathematical and optimization modelling in desalination: State-of-the-art and future direction. Desalination 469, 114092. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.114092    

    Al Aani, Saif, Bonny, Talal, Hasan, Shadi W. and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Can machine language and artificial intelligence revolutionize process automation for water treatment and desalination?. Desalination 458, 84-96. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.02.005    

    Alkhudhiri, Abdullah, Bin Darwish, Nawaf and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Analytical and Forecasting Study for Wastewater Treatment and Water Resources in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Water Process Engineering 32 (100915). doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.100915

    Almojjly, Abdullah, Johnson, Daniel and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Investigations of the effect of pore size of ceramic membranes on the pilot-scale removal of oil from oil-water emulsion. Journal of Water Process Engineering 31, 100868. doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.100868    

    Almojjly, Abdullah, Johnson, Daniel J., Mandale, Stephen and Hilal, Nidal.  (2019). Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF. Journal of Water Process Engineering 27, 15-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2018.11.007

    Al-Othman, Amani, Darwish, Noora N., Qasim, Muhammad, Tawalbeh, Mohammad, Darwish, Naif A. and Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Nuclear Desalination: A State-of-the-Art Review. Desalination 457, 39-61. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.002    

    Ang, Wei Lun, Wahab Mohammad, Abdul., Johnson, Daniel, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Forward osmosis research trends in desalination and wastewater treatment: A review of research trends over the past decade. Journal of Water Process Engineering 31, 100886. doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.100886    

    Anis, Shaheen Fatima, Hashaikeh, Raed, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). FLux and salt rejection enhancement of polyvinyl (alcohol) reverse osmosis membranes using nano-zeolite. Desalination 469 (114104) doi: 10.​1016/​j.​desal.​2019.​114104

    Anis, Shaheen Fatima, Hashaikeh, Raed, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Functional materials in desalination: A review. Desalination 468, 114077. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.114077

    Anis, Shaheen Fatima, Hashaikeh, Raed, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Reverse osmosis pretreatment technologies and future trends: A comprehensive review. Desalination 452, 159-195. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2018.11.006    

    Al-Othman, Amani, Darwish, Noora N, Qasim, Muhammad, Tawalbeh, Mohammad., Darwish, Naif A., Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Nuclear Desalination: A State-of-the-Art Review. Desalination 457, 39-61. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.002    

    Ahmed, Farah Ejaz, Hashaikeh, Raed, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Solar powered desalination – Technology, energy and future outlook. Desalination 453, 54-76.  doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2018.12.002    

    Goh, P.S., Ismail, A.F., Hilal, Nidal. (2019) Desalination Technology and Advancement. In Encyclopedia of Water Resources Management and Policy, Oxford Research Encyclopedias & Oxford Handbooks Online. USA: Oxford University Press.    

    Goh, Pei Sean, Hilal, Nidal. (2019) Innovative and sustainable membrane technologies. In Innovation strategies in environmental science. Amsterdam: Elsevier.    

    Goh, P.S., Zulhairun, A.K., Ismail, A.F., Hilal, N. (2019). Contemporary anti-biofouling modifications of reverse osmosis desalination membrane: A review. Desalination 468, 114072. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.114072

    Johnson, Daniel, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Polymer Membranes – Fractal Characteristics and Determination of Roughness Scaling Exponents. Journal of Membrane Science 570, 9-22. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2018.10.024    

    Kovalchuk, Nina M., Johnson, Daniel J., Sobolev, Vladimir, Hilal N., Starov, Victor. (2019). Interactions between nanoparticles in nanosuspension. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 272. doi: 10.1016/j.cis.2019.102020

    Mortimer, Chris J., James, Sean, Hilal, Nidal, Wright, Chris J. (2019) Electrospun Antimicrobial Membranes-Functionality and Morphology. In Nanofiber Membranes for Medical, Environmental, and Energy Applications. (pp. 17-37). NY: CRC Press.

    Qasim, Muhammad, Badrelzaman, Mohamed, Darwish, Noora N., Darwish, Naif A., Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Reverse osmosis desalination: A state-of-the-art review. Desalination 459, 59-104. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.02.008    

    Suwaileh, Wafa, Johnson, Daniel, Khodabakhshi, Saeed, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Development of forward osmosis membranes modified by cross-linked layer by layer assembly for brackish water desalination. Journal of Membrane Science 583, 267-277. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2019.04.052    

    Suwaileh, Wafa, Johnson, Daniel, Khodabakhshi, Saeed, Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Superior cross-linking assisted layer by layer modification of forward osmosis membranes for brackish water desalination. Desalination 463, 1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.04.009    

    Suwaileh, W., Johnson, D.J., Hilal, Nidal. (2019). Brackish water desalination for agriculture: assessing the performance of inorganic fertilizer draw solution. Desalination. 456, 53-63. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.014    

    Widdowson, Jonathan P., Wright, Chris J., Hilal, Nidal. (2019) Electrospun Collagen Nanofiber Membranes for Regenerative Medicine. In Nanofiber Membranes for Medical, Environmental, and Energy Applications. (pp. 57-87). NY: CRC press.