The Sunnī-Shi'a division first materialized in the 8th century in the important Iraqi city of Kūfa. This lecture explores the birth and development of Shī‘ī identity. Specifically, it documents how the early Shī‘a carved out an independent communal identity through distinctive ritual practices and within separate sacred spaces. In the process, it addresses two seminal controversies in the study of early Islam, namely when and how the Shī‘a came to see themselves as a distinctive community.
Simultaneous Arabic interpretation will be provided.
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