Digital-Physical Nexus

Cities must manage the provision of a multitude of services smartly, relying on its physical and digital infrastructures. Information about the current and projected demand for city resources is crucial to optimally allocate them so that we can minimize costs while maximizing welfare. In striving for optimality, a data-driven model of the city is extracted through a wide range of sensing technologies abstracted as digital networks. 

In this cluster, CITIES constructs models that are continuously refined, allowing decision-makers to react optimally to current events as well as pose what-if questions directly on the model itself. As the city’s physical networks change, so do the live models. Research in the digital-physical nexus cluster goes beyond technology-transfer and urban policy adoption, to also focus on how to adapt and contextualize technology and infrastructure design to the unique socio-economic, environmental, and cultural constraints of a city. 

The goals of this cluster are threefold. First, to identify challenges faced by cities as we try to further integrate our traditional infrastructure in a rapidly evolving digital world. Second, to advance the state-of-the-art on sensing, modeling and AI decision-support tools. Third, to examine how to adapt and contextualize data collection and city modeling technology for cities within the UAE, and Abu Dhabi in particular.

 

Projects

A framework for decision support in the face of uncertainty

This research aims to build a generalizable framework for decision making in the face of uncertain data. In healthcare, for example, our research explores the design of decision-support frameworks that achieve a cost-effective balance of treatments and screening. In epidemic control, we are designing a policy optimization framework that suggests cost-effective interventions that minimize societal and economic costs of epidemic control. The tools under development are particularly timely, with strong implication for the Covid19 pandemic.

Led by Azza Abouzied (PI)

Minimizing energy consumption and maximizing human comfort with smart urban infrastructure

This research aims to advance our knowledge on heat transfer in urban settings and to develop and validate geospatial urban thermodynamic models. These models will be used to design innovative building materials with an ability to self-clean, control and reduce thermal transfer, and better regulate heat into buildings.

 

Led by Kemal Celik (Investigator)

Logistics and Supply Chain Optimization

This work (divided into 3 parallel sub-projects) aims to study challenges and opportunities in the broad field of supply chain management, logistics, healthcare management, and production planning, with particular focus on Abu Dhabi and the UAE. The first project aims to design robust supply chains for blood components that are resilient to disruption due to disasters. This research is particularly timely due to the Covid19 pandemic (during a pandemic, blood resources tend to dramatically decrease). The second project aims to establish an effective transportation network which is essential to ensure the smooth transportation of people and goods from their origin to their destination. The third project aims to formulate a closed-loop supply chain for perishable products under environmental and economic considerations.

Led by Ali Diabat (Investigator)